The origin of golf, a game discovered centuries ago

Golf is a game in which players aim to put a ball into a small hole using a club in as few strokes as possible. The origin of the game of golf is not exactly known. However, it is generally accepted that modern golf began to develop in Scotland from the Middle Ages. Let’s take a closer look at the history of golf, a game with a long history.

Rand Jerris, a prominent historian, claims that there is written and visual evidence of the history of the game of golf.

Rand Jerris says, “It used to be that golf was played on the streets of towns and cities, as balls hit in a graveyard or down a street.” said. Published in 1636 by Scottish schoolmaster David Wedderburn, Vocabula contains the earliest descriptions of the game. However, the earliest rules of the game in history and the type of equipment used are described in a Latin grammar book.

The game of golf is said to have been first played in a kingdom called Fife in Scotland.


According to some sources, golf first appeared in Scotland in the 1500s. This game, which began to be played with sticks, pebbles and rabbit holes, gained great popularity in a short time.

Scots’ interest in archery, which is their compulsory military training, quickly focused on golf. It’s King of Scots II. James didn’t like it. The King, by an Act of Parliament of March 6, 1457, prohibited citizens from playing football and golf. This ban lasted 45 years.

In 1552, St. Andrews, the first tournament was held. In 1567, under the spell of golf, Mary Queen of Scots became the “first female golfer”. In the early 1600s, golf was banned on Sundays because people went golfing instead of going to church.

The first rules of the game were officially written in 1744


The first rules of the game were written for the Edinburgh tournaments in 1744. These rules were adopted by over 30 clubs over the next 100 years. In the 1880s a movement formed that began to create governing bodies in sport. In 1899, the United States Golf Association was formed.

Golf has been around St. Played in the town of Andrews


In the earliest texts of the game of golf, the St. Andrews town sites are cited as an example. The earliest visual evidence of golf, on the other hand, is a St. André painting. The photo features four golfers and two caddies. St. Andrews is considered the oldest track in the world. Located on sandy shores, the track is the oldest Links track. “All the golf courses in the world are an imitation of the landforms that occur naturally on the Scottish coast,” says Rand Jerris.

St. Andrews is known as the “homeland of golf,” but Chinese historians say it played golf, the game of its ancestors, long before the Scots.


An exhibit at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum is evidence that people in ancient China were playing a version of golf in 1368. There is a fragment of the Ming Dynasty scroll “Autumn Festival” showing the ball being hit through a hole in the grass. A book titled “Wan Jing” published in 1282 was also on display. The book describes the rules of a game similar to this game.

The American origins of golf are closely linked to Scotland

David Deas, a Leith native and slave trader, aged 21 in August 1743, had grown up playing games in Leith Links. Leith Links was a five-hole course where the first rules of golf were laid down. The South Carolina Club founded America’s first golf club, Harleston Green, in 1841. When Harleston Green was founded, slaves were used as caddies. Subsequently, street golf was banned in the United States on the grounds that it damaged house windows and threatened to injure people. This ban did not last long. In 1893, MacDonald built the Chicago Golf Club, the nation’s first 18-hole course. Game St. Charles Blair MacDonald, who studied at Andrews Golf Links, is considered the father of American golf course architects.

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