Dog breeds and their behaviors may not be related

Most of us think that dog traits such as being playful, aggressive, or intelligent are tied to the dog’s breed. But the link between dog behavior and breed may be very different than we think, according to a new study.

Although some of us don’t care about choosing a pet for ourselves, for some, while owning a dog, what is your gender It is important. For example, if you want an intelligent and playful dog, the Collie breed is recommended, and if you want an outgoing dog that appeals to all members of the family, the Labrador breed is recommended.

Dog breeds may have long been defined by certain behaviors and temperaments; But that’s not entirely true, according to a new genetic study. may not be. The new research in question shows how to make inferences about dog behavior and personality based on breed. an “insufficient” indicator suggests it.

The variation in dog behavior by breed is due to thousands of years of evolution.

By researching the genomes of 2,155 dogs spanning 78 purebred and mixed-ancestry breeds, researchers were able to explain common dog behaviors based on more than 18,000 survey responses from purebred owners. very few genetic variants they found it.

As a result of their research, experts have identified 11 points in the dog’s genome that are strongly associated with behavioral traits, such as how well a dog follows instructions or how much they howl. But curiously, none of these not gender specific. In fact, according to the data obtained, the breed of the dog is greater than the defined behavioral variation between individual dogs. only 9 percentand no behavioral trait was unique to any dog ​​breed.

At one point, researchers age and your sexfound that they were actually stronger predictors of dog behavior. About this topick “Many of the behaviors that we consider to be traits of certain modern dog breeds, most likely from wolves to wild dogs to domestic dogs and finally to modern breeds. thousands of years of evolution native” Elinor Karlsson of the University of Massachusetts, “These inherited traits predate our modern concept of dog breeds by thousands of years.” uses expressions.

Years ago, dogs were bred for hunting, herding and leading the herd.


Most dog breeds in existence today were only chosen for aesthetic or physical ideals in the last century or two. However before that offspring were chosen based on predictions of hunting, protection, or herd quality.

It is certainly possible for complex traits to be passed from one generation of dog to the next, such as behavior resulting from many small genes interacting with each other and with the environment; but modern pet owners must really have an impact on the breeds we know today. didn’t have enough time may not be. This may explain why Karlsson and his colleagues found only very slight genetic variation across breeds in dog behavior. If you consider that more than half of all “purebred” dogs in the United States have more than one type of ancestry, these differences are only more pronounced. soft and less pronounced becomes one.

In the current genomic study, there appears to be a genetic influence between a dog’s border collie ancestry and my dog’s reported ability or ability to follow human direction. On the other hand, there is a significant influence between the ancestry of the Labrador Retriever and human sociability. not observed. In other words, although purebred Labrador owners report this as an important trait of the breed, the fact that a dog has Labrador ancestry does not allow it to interact with humans. will be more social didn’t mean.

If the results of this research are correct and our assumptions about breed behavior are only exaggerated, this is part of national policies banning certain “aggressive” dog breeds. has no scientific basis can mean. The same can be said for insurance policies that refuse to cover breeds like the pit bull.

Modern dog breeders may not have much influence on dog behavior



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Karlsson’s research may be one of the first to examine the genetics behind breed-based behavior in dogs; However, previous research has shown that differences in dog behavior within a breed are almost as good as between breeds. equivalent result was obtained. Of course, more work is needed to determine the genetics behind canine behavior; However, new findings show that modern breeders have little influence on dog personality.

In short, when your dog performs a command or sleeps cuddled up on the couch, it’s more like what modern dog breeders do today. our ancestors can be associated with

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