This causes an infection! To protect against Salmonella…

The Salmonella bacterium has recently struck fear into society. Food-borne Salmonella symptoms begin to appear after 8 to 48 hours. Abdominal pain and bouts of diarrhea are among the most common symptoms. Experts recommend not consuming foods of unknown origin, washing raw foods well and drinking water from a known and reliable source to be protected from Salmonella. Infectious disease specialist Dr. Songül Özer made some very important statements about Salmonella bacteria, which has been on the agenda recently, and shared his recommendations.

THEY CAN STAY LIVE FOR YEARS

Stating that salmonellosis is a disease caused by a bacterial group that is part of the bacterial family named Salmonella and Enterobacterales, infectious disease specialist Dr. Songül Özer said, “Salmonella is common in nature in the digestive system of animals. domestic and wild, reptiles, birds and insects. They are non-sporeless, motile, rod-like, sensitive to heat and drought, and can survive for a long time in moist environments away from sunlight, sewage, and soil. They are cold-hardy and can survive for years by being freeze-dried. mentioned.

CAUSES MANY DISEASES

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Noting that there are about 2,000 subtypes of Salmonella bacteria, Dr. Songül Özer said, “The best known and most infectious of this bacteria in humans are Salmonella typhi, Salmonella paratyphi, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella cholerasuis . They can cause typhoid fever, paratyphoid, gastroenteritis, soft tissue infections, local organ abscesses, intra-abdominal infections, bone and joint infections, respiratory tract infections , endocarditis and bacteraemia in humans. used the sentences.

WHERE DOES SALMONELLA CONTAIN

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Dr. Songül Özer shared the most common forms of transmission of Salmonella, which can cause outbreaks of food poisoning with generalized abdominal pain and bouts of diarrhea in the community:

  • With the mixture of human and animal excrement and urine in spring waters,
  • By drinking and using water contaminated with bacteria without boiling it,
  • By eating meat, eggs, milk and dairy products from animals that carry Salmonella that are not well cooked,
  • With the consumption of drinking and sanitary water without being sufficiently chlorinated and cleaned,
  • By consuming bacteria-contaminated vegetables and fruits that have not been thoroughly washed and cooked,
  • Unpasteurized milk or fruit juices and cheeses of unknown origin, made without boiling or consumed immediately,
  • Failing to wash hands thoroughly, especially after contact with reptiles such as snakes, turtles, lizards, frogs, birds, and pets such as chicks,
  • After contact with sick poultry and
  • It can also be passed from sick people to other people.
  • Begins to show symptoms after 8 to 48 hours

GENERALLY IMPROVES IN 2-5

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“Frequently, complaints of abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, high fever, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are observed. The disease usually heals in 2 to 5 days, but in rare cases symptoms can last for several weeks in some people. In the treatment of the disease, it is enough to supplement the fluid lost through vomiting and diarrhea with antibiotics. This disease, which generally does not cause death and heals in a short time, can be more serious in people with impaired immune systems, people with cancer or undergoing treatment, elderly patients, newborns and patients who have had an organ or bone marrow transplant. Rarely, there may be patients who die due to fluid and electrolyte imbalance.

RELIABLE DRINKING WATER MUST BE USED

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Expressing that the most correct action to take when food poisoning caused by Salmonella is detected, Dr. Songül Özer said, “Next, those who consume these foods should be identified and treatment should be started as soon as possible. Do not consume foods of unknown origin, wash raw foods thoroughly, do not use water without chlorination, choose drinking water from a known and reliable source, and start eating after washing your hands soap and water are the most important protective factors. mentioned.

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