In recent days, some food products salmonella Bacteria continue to be a concern. Üsküdar University NPİSTANBUL Brain Hospital Infectious Disease Specialist Dr. Songül Özer made some very important statements about Salmonella bacteria, which has been on the agenda recently, and shared his recommendations.
THEY CAN STAY LIVE FOR A LONG TIME
Stating that salmonellosis is a disease caused by a bacterial group that is part of the bacterial family named Salmonella and Enterobacterales, infectious disease specialist Dr. Songül Özer said, “Salmonella is common in nature in the digestive system of animals. domestic and wild, reptiles, birds and insects. They are non-sporeless, motile, rod-like, sensitive to heat and drought, and can survive for a long time in moist environments away from sunlight, sewage, and soil. They are cold-hardy and can survive for years by being freeze-dried.
SALMONELLA CAN CAUSE MANY DISEASES
Noting that there are about 2,000 subtypes of Salmonella bacteria, Dr. Songül Özer said, “The best known and most infectious of this bacteria in humans are Salmonella typhi, Salmonella paratyphi, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella cholerasuis . They can cause typhoid fever, paratyphoid, gastroenteritis, soft tissue infections, local organ abscesses, intra-abdominal infections, bone and joint infections, respiratory tract infections , endocarditis and bacteraemia in humans.
SALMONELLA IS TRANSMITTED THROUGH THESE ROUTES…
Dr. Songül Özer shared the most common forms of transmission of Salmonella, which can cause outbreaks of food poisoning with generalized abdominal pain and bouts of diarrhea in the community:
– With the mixture of human and animal excrement and urine in spring waters,
– Drinking and using water contaminated with bacteria without boiling it,
– Eating meat, eggs, milk and dairy products from animals carrying Salmonella that are not well cooked,
– With the consumption of drinking and sanitary water without being sufficiently chlorinated and cleaned,
– Consumption of fruits and vegetables contaminated by bacteria without having carefully washed and cooked them,
– Unpasteurized milk or fruit juices and cheeses of unknown origin, made without boiling or consumed immediately,
– Not washing hands thoroughly, especially after contact with reptiles such as snakes, turtles, lizards, frogs, birds and pets such as chicks,
– After contact with sick poultry and
– It can be transmitted from sick people to other people.
ONSET OF SYMPTOMS AFTER 8 TO 48 HOURS
Emphasizing that food poisoning caused by Salmonella bacteria starts showing symptoms around 8 to 48 hours after ingesting the infectious food, Dr. Songül Özer continued his remarks as follows:
“Frequently, complaints of abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, high fever, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are observed. The disease usually heals in 2 to 5 days, but in rare cases symptoms can last for several weeks in some people. In the treatment of the disease, it is enough to supplement the fluid lost with vomiting and diarrhea with antibiotics. This disease, which generally does not cause death and recovers in a short time, can be more serious in people with impaired immune systems, people with cancer or undergoing treatment, elderly patients, newborns and patients who have had an organ or bone marrow transplant. Rarely, there may be patients who die due to fluid and electrolyte imbalance.
FOOD AND WATER FROM UNKNOWN SOURCES SHOULD NOT BE CONSUMED
Stating that the most appropriate action to take when food poisoning caused by Salmonella is detected, Dr. Songül Özer said, “Next, those consuming these foods should be identified and treatment should be started as soon as possible. Do not consume foods of unknown origin, wash raw foods thoroughly, do not use water without chlorination, choose drinking water from a known and reliable source, and start eating after washing your hands soap and water are the most important protective factors.