Global warming causes an increase in allergic rhinitis | News from Denizli

As a result of their research, scientists show that global warming is a reason for the increase in allergic diseases. Noting that global warming causes the spring and summer seasons to be extended by seven days each, Uzamanlar says that this situation leads to increased victimization of pollen allergy, which is an allergic reaction developed by the body against the pollen.

Also, stating that carbon dioxide increases pollen production due to air pollution, Istanbul Arel University Faculty of Medicine lecturer on chest diseases. Member Pr. Dr. Minister Nur Dilek warned that this hereditary allergy should be confused with other types of allergies and Covid-19. Stating that spring fever has similar appearances, especially with the omicron variant, Prof. Dr. Minister Nur Dilek said, “When we look at the accounts of patients who come to outpatient clinics with the suspicion of a virus and when the necessary examinations are carried out, we find that there is usually an allergic reaction due to spring allergy.People with allergic rhinitis should be careful, especially during seasonal transitions and the summer months.


Stating that pollen is on the rise even in cities due to wind and air pollution, the minister also warned pet owners against spring fever. Clarifying that animals are also pollinators, the minister said: “Pets can also be allergic to pollen. These critters that wander outside should be combed and washed more often before being brought into the house. Also, it would be more appropriate not to be brought into the room during pollen season. In fact, we know that histamine, which is found in alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine, can trigger allergies in our body and increase the allergic reaction.

Stating that almost all pollens cause spring fever, the Minister listed allergy symptoms as follows:

“The allergy mainly affects the nose. The most common signs are runny nose, stuffy nose and sneezing. Itchy nose and palate. In addition to these, watery eyes are seen. L One of the most common symptoms is coughing If it also affects the lower respiratory tract, symptoms such as shortness of breath and wheezing are added.


Noting that there have been difficulties in terms of patient density during the pandemic process due to its similarity to Covid-19, the minister said: “The Omicron variant has become a disease that affects the upper respiratory tract more and progresses almost like a cold. This was achieved, of course, thanks to vaccines. For this reason, spring fever is often confused with the omicron variant. Our harvests arrive in our polyclinics mainly with the suspicion of Covid-19. We try to distinguish between covid and spring fever by looking at the recurrence of the disease, whether the patient has a fever or not. However, there are cases that we cannot distinguish at all. In this case, we are testing our patient. In fact, this allergy has similarities with the common cold. However, there may be a slight fever in the common cold. We do not see the fever of spring allergies. Another discovery is that we do not see the malaise, muscle and joint pain in the body, which we see in colds and other viral diseases, in spring fever.


Stating that spring fever is hereditary, the Minister said: “Spring fever is an allergy that is hereditary and coded in our genes. If you have allergic rhinitis in your family, other family members are more likely to have it. Also, if the person suffers from another allergic disease such as eczema or asthma, the likelihood of having allergic rhinitis is higher. In addition to this, environmental factors are also effective, so it is not enough to pass on the genes alone.


Noting that spring fever also causes concentration problems in children, the minister said: “Constantly stuffy or runny noses in young children can lead to attention deficit. It significantly affects academic success. Especially in spring and summer, when examinations are most intense, examination success decreases in children with allergic rhinitis. Another factor caused by constant nasal congestion is that it is a risk factor for sleep apnea. Another issue is that it causes oral health related issues due to keeping your mouth open all the time.


Stating that it is not possible to completely destroy allergies as they are encoded in the genes, the Minister said: “Although they cannot be eliminated, it is possible to completely control allergy. At the beginning of this are the steps to take. In addition to measures, we have drug treatments. Another option is vaccination. Our first option in the event of a spring allergy is always to take precautions. In cases where the measures do not work, the allergy is severe, the medications do not work, are insufficient or cause side effects, the vaccine is an option.


Speaking about the measures to be taken, the Minister said: “Scientists have also investigated whether the mask has an effect on spring fever due to the pandemic and it has been found to have an effect. We know that the mask does not completely prevent it, but reduces it. The mask also reduces the entry of pollen into our nose and mouth. Apart from that, the wearing of big glasses by allergy sufferers prevents, albeit a little, victimization. Additionally, wide-brimmed hats can be used to reduce pollen victimization in the spring.


Clarifying that spring fever can be alleviated by measures to be taken in daily life, the Minister said: “My advice to people with spring fever is not to open their windows very early in the morning. Because the most intense pollination hours are in the morning. At this time, they should not play sports or walk in the open air. I recommend that they keep the windows closed as much as possible during the day and regularly renew the pollen filters in their cars. Also, if they have been in environments such as picnics, it is important that they shower and change their exponents when they return home so as not to trigger their allergies.


Stating that pollen allergy does not only appear in spring, there are also major pollen allergies including tree, meadow, grass and weed allergies, the minister said: “Among these , tree pollen is the earliest. We know when it started even in January. Then the grass and grass allergy starts. It is from April to June. Finally, herbaceous plants, and not weeds, start around August-September. We know it can sometimes extend into November. In other words, we can see an extended pollen season from January to November,” he concluded.

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