Cats reach sexual maturity around 4 months of age. If there is no one to take responsibility and care for the offspring born as a result of breeding, this breeding can end sadly. To prevent animals from mating to avoid this situation would be to ignore their natural instincts and make them suffer.
In cats, sterilization is accomplished by removing the testicles in male cats and removing the ovaries and uterus in females. This sterilization process not only prevents unwanted pregnancies, but also prevents unwanted behaviors associated with sexual maturity and reduces certain risks.
The main reason for spaying female cats is population control. The instinct of cats leads them to mate at certain times, which can result in the birth of many kittens. If not properly adopted, these puppies will not receive proper care. If they do not become pregnant, female cats will not only regularly seek out a male cat to mate about every three weeks during sexually active times of the year, but will call them themselves. This can sometimes cause competition between male cats.
Unwanted kittens may not be cared for and may suffer from cat flu or various infectious diseases. Every baby born should have a home. Unspayed cats are more likely to suffer from pyometra (uterine infection) and mammary tumors later in life. Cats with infectious diseases can transmit them to their kittens. Pregnancy and childbirth are also not without risk. Non-domestic cats, on the other hand, may have different problems. Mother cats with kittens need to hunt more actively and find more food.
Unneutered male cats are likely to stray over a large area, marking their territory a lot and may fight with other cats on top of that. Male cats that fight with each other are much more likely to transmit diseases such as FIV and FeLV to other cats. They are also susceptible to battle injuries such as abscesses.
Unneutered male cats may run away from home and not return. They may urinate inside the house and be aggressive towards their owners. When it comes to population control, neutering makes a lot more difference because only one male will be needed to impregnate many female cats.
In the past, it was recommended that all female cats be allowed to give birth once, but recently this practice has been considered unnecessary and wasteful. It is often preferable to have the female sterilized before she reaches sexual maturity. Once sexually mature, the cat will begin to season or “call”. Cycles of sexual activity usually occur every two to three weeks. Certain medications can be used to suppress the sexual cycle, but some of them carry the risk of serious side effects in cats and their long-term use is not recommended. Spaying your female kitten will eliminate her sexual behavior, the possibility of an unplanned pregnancy, and the risk of reproductive tract diseases later in life.
The spaying operation involves the administration of a general anesthetic and the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus through an incision made in the side or abdomen of the cat. The fur at the incision site should be shaved prior to surgery and your vet will instruct you not to feed the day before anesthesia. Usually your kitten can go home the same day and the stitches are usually removed after 7-10 days.
The castration of a male is just as important as the sterilization of a female to avoid unwanted pregnancies. All male cats have a strong tendency to crawl, be aggressive towards other males, fight and mark their territory by spraying urine. Aggressive behavior puts an unneutered male at a much higher risk of contracting many diseases, including feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus.
Castration involves removing both testicles through a small incision made in the scrotum under general anesthesia. As for a sterilization operation, it will be necessary not to eat the day before to minimize possible anesthetic complications and the kitten can generally go home the same day. Usually the skin incisions for castration are so small that stitches are not required.
Cats generally recover fairly quickly from neutering. They may be somewhat sleepy for a few hours, but are usually very lively the next day. It makes sense to try to keep your kitten fairly calm for a day or two to give her internal wounds time to heal. However, if your kitten seems unusually calm or dull, you should contact your veterinarian. If your kitten begins to excessively lick or scratch at the seams of the skin, you should contact your veterinarian for a special bandage or collar to prevent any damage to the wound.
Since the sterilization operation is performed under anesthesia, you must accept the complications that may arise due to the anesthesia, even if the frequency is low. Additionally, since the neutering process will affect the production of certain hormones in the cat, you may experience side effects, although the mechanism is not fully understood.
It is important to remember that after neutering a cat, the tendency to overweight becomes stronger. Although this can often be overcome by regulating the amount of food she eats, it is important to be aware of this. Also, excess weight combined with a sedentary life can increase the formation of kidney stones. However, experts often recommend sterilization when accounting for profit and loss.
“Spay your cat”. Retrieved from: https://icatcare.org/advice/neutering-your-cat/ (24.06.2018).