Who won the Second Battle of İnönü?

Sheikh Sadi recounts: A man walked towards a village on a cold winter night. There is no snow, no rain, but the frost has fallen. Well said, I found a place to have some soup. However, his enthusiasm remained in his harvest. The village dogs attacked him. The man wanted to pick up a stone on the ground and defend himself. But whoever he touched, he couldn’t get it because the stones were frozen. When the dogs approached, he said angrily:

-What kind of village is it? Instead of tying the dogs and releasing the stones, they tied the stones and released the dogs.

When a historical figure tries to tell the truth, the attacker has no limits, but the stones you will defend are also closely related.

– What kind of village is it…? Yelling doesn’t help either.

Our recent history books are full of gossip. Look for the truth in them so you can find it. If you tell a lie, the girl leaves, by the way, hands are clapped.

But does this pressure solve a problem?

Let it be, let no one speak, that’s enough!

This is sight in its most naked form, my friends.

Let’s try picking up a rock today, though.

First Battle of İnönü

Who knows what we mean by Lutte Nationale before we say Lutte Nationale? The name of the struggle for independence in Anatolia was Mücahede-i Milliye, meaning National Jihad. Wasn’t that the meaning of Sanjağ-ı Şerif, who was transported from the Hacıbayram Mosque to the Grand National Assembly? Wasn’t Sancak-i Sharif the sanjak of Islam? Who was it given to? For those who do jihad, of course…

So we have to start the questioning with the phrase “national struggle”.

For example, the Battle of Gediz, which was fought jointly by Ali Fuat (Cebesoy) Pasha, the commander of the Western Front, and the Circassian Ethem Bey, the commander of the Kuva-yı Travelyare, in October 1920, is officially called a defeat. , while we know that the same as the 1st Battle of İnönü took place there. However, the first went down in history as a defeat, the second as a “victory”. In the first, as the Greeks left Gediz, the Kuva-yı Milliyeciler also retreated. They heard from the villagers that the Greeks were also retreating, so they turned and followed. The same thing happened in the first of the battles of İnönü. They called the first a defeat so that Circassian Ethem wouldn’t receive a share of success. Second, a hero had to be invented from İnönü, for which victory was declared. Even İnönü memoriesHe can’t say “victory” in his . “The Greeks realized that they had come unprepared and left of their own accord.” What more can you say? But they celebrate it as a victory, that’s different.

What about İnönü the Second?

If you notice, İsmet İnönü does not pass before our eyes when talking about the battles of İnönü. Why? That’s why he sat on it taking the victory of the nation as his surname. However, Field Marshal Fevzi Çakmak, who died 72 years ago today, thanked him when asked to be given the surname “Sakarya” by Mr Kemal himself, and said his family had been known as Çakmakoğulları for 200 years, so he wanted to take the Çakmak family name. I would have liked İsmet Pasha to have shown the same delicacy, but where! He was so absorbed in the victory of the nation that when we talk about the battles of İnönü, we talk as if he had won. While…

Yes, however, reading the minutes of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey convened just after the 2nd victory of İnönü, you will see that none of the speakers who expressed this joy enthusiastically congratulated İsmet Bey, the commander from the Western Front, for the on the contrary, all, even İsmet Bey himself, congratulated Fevzi Pasha.

Now let’s read the minutes. Let’s see who congratulated Fevzi Pasha and how:

The date is April 2, 1921, the place is the Turkish Grand National Assembly.

The words of Fevzi Pasha, who gave an explanation to the Assembly the day after the victory, were greeted with displays of affection by the Assembly members, who were looking for an opportunity to get excited. Those who spoke expressed their gratitude to him. So much so that at the end of the negotiations, Pasha would be promoted to the rank of General (First Ferik) because of this great success.

Pasha, thanks to your faith, we have overcome

The words of many deputies, from Neşet Bey of Üsküdar who said “Pasha, we won thanks to your faith (we won thanks to your faith)” to Necib Bey of Bilecik who said “the grace of God”, when he said that we defeated our enemies “directly with the power of our soldiers” and the ability to maneuver of our officers and commanders. Among these, the words of Erzurumlu Celaleddin Arif Bey are striking:

“His Excellency! Your steadfast faith has formed this huge army that saves the Islamic world today. It is only among the beautiful works that your soul has shown. And history will write its great name in golden calligraphy. (Sounds without a doubt)

Fevzi Pasha will utter the following words, worthy of an Ottoman commander, as a thank you:

“All that I have done today cannot belong to me. It belongs to the dedicated and heroic sons of the nation. For this, I presented Arif Bey’s thanks to the nation. (sounds “Vive “)

Bolu MP Yusuf İzzet Pasha congratulates Fevzi Pasha on achieving victory with a brilliant strategic move, saying that we owe the victory to him and his soldiers, and continues:

“I would like to express my gratitude to His Excellency the Chief of the General Staff, Pasha, who established a strong army in our country and brought us success both in the army and in politics, in future battles with great confidence.”

Fevzi Pasha would probably be the only person to congratulate the command of the Western Front with a special telegram so that he would not be offended. İsmet Bey will give him the following meaningful answer:

“WE MAKE HISTORY OF OUR SUPERIOR Soldiers, Officers and Commanders AND VICTORIES OVER THE ENEMY THROUGH HIS HIGH EXPEDITION AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE HISTORICAL BRAVERY AND CAPABILITY OF OUR SOLDIERS, OFFICERS AND COMMANDS. OUR AGREEMENTS OF HONORABLE AND ABSOLUTE AGREEMENTS OF ENGAGEMENT AND RESTRICTIONS TO OUR ARMY AND THE WHOLE ARMY, TOGETHER WITH ITS FORCES.”

So everyone including İsmet Bey became an ally when the 2nd Battle of İnönü was won thanks to Fevzi Pasha. Except for our history books alone.

Who is the Grand Commander of the Grand Army?

Meanwhile; Fevzi Pasha again made a statement to the Assembly which met on April 13. Lazistan MP Osman Bey said: “I would like to thank His Excellency Fevzi Pasha, the Chief of the General Staff, who prepared this victory for us, in the name of the nation”, and added: “And we are not doing anything in giving it thanks anyway.”

Tunalı Hilmi on the other hand will praise Fevzi Pasha saying that all the souls of my ancestors took refuge in them and became one with him. He asks to be applauded by saying: “The great commander of the great army is as great as my great ancestor”.

“Friends, listening to His Excellency Pasha from here, I saw that the more humble they seem, the more exalted and rising they are. He rose and rose to such a degree that all the souls of my ancestors took refuge in them in an ecstasy and enthusiasm, as if these souls became a body, a Fevzi Pasha (sounds “Bravo”)

Afterwards, Kırşehir Deputy Müfid Bey recites an eloquent prayer and the session is closed.

Now tell me now:

2. Who won the Battle of İnönü?

Note: As the minutes can be read at tbmm.gov.tr, Süleyman Külçe’s report Marshal Fevzi Cakmak (1946) with Sinan Omur Military genius of Fevzi Çakmak-political life (1962) can also be consulted.

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