How did Europe and America solve the problem of stray dogs?

While stray animal regulations are strictly enforced in Europe and the United States, those who break the rules receive hefty fines and certain conditions must be met to adopt an animal. So how did Europe and America solve the stray dog ​​problem?

Local governments are responsible for collecting and caring for stray animals on the streets in Germany, France and the Netherlands, the three largest European countries. There are strict rules for keeping pets here, with penalties for violations that can result in jail time. Those who keep pets must pay taxes and receive training for certain species.

“Collect, sterilize, vaccinate, release”

The Netherlands is one of the countries that stands out in the world in reducing the number of stray and stray dogs. “How did the Netherlands get rid of stray dogs? published by Stray Animals Platform, headquartered in Amsterdam. The report, titled, states that policies to reduce the number of stray dogs in the country date back to the 1800s. According to the report, rules such as the requirement for dogs to wear leashes and muzzles were introduced Netherlands in the 1800s in order to control the rabies epidemic, protect human health and ensure safety. It is stated that the number of stray dogs has declined with the widespread use of sterilization since the 1960s, and the practice of “collect, spay, vaccinate, release” for stray dogs has contributed to the reduction in the number to zero. of animals. Today, municipalities collect stray dogs in shelters. In the Netherlands, it is forbidden to walk without a muzzle with aggressive dog breeds. With regulations introduced in 2008, some aggressive dogs must undergo behavioral testing and therapy. Despite these therapies, aggressive dogs whose behavior cannot be controlled can be euthanized.

Pets are prohibited in France

In France, it is forbidden to leave pets and domestic wild animals unattended for reasons of public safety. Dog species considered “dangerous” in the country must be leashed in public places. Sometimes the leash requirement may apply to all dogs by decision of the municipality. Pet owners who walk their dogs off-leash, although it is mandatory, face a fine of 38 euros, and up to 150 euros if their dog is in the “dangerous” category. Municipalities are legally responsible for the collection and care of stray animals. Animals that roam the streets are collected by citizens or municipal teams and entrusted to temporary care centers. Animals that cannot be found or taken back by their owner after 8 working days are declared “abandoned”.

sleeping stray dogs

In areas where rabies is not common, an “abandoned” stray animal is sent to one of the hundreds of shelters run by animal protection societies after veterinary advice, or is put to sleep if necessary by a veterinarian. Municipalities, on their own initiative or at the request of animal protection associations, can sterilize stray cats that live in groups in public spaces and return them to their habitat after identification of their identity. Leaving your pet on the street in France is punishable by 3 years in prison and a fine of 45,000 euros.

It is almost impossible to see dogs on the streets in Germany

Due to the laws in Germany, it is almost impossible to see stray dogs.

According to the current legislation in the country, when a person finds a stray animal on the street, he must take it to the nearest animal shelter or veterinarian and, if this is not possible, report it to the police or the competent institution of the Region. The police or the competent institution registers the stray animal and hands it over to its shelter.

According to law in Germany, owners are not allowed to leave their pets on the street for any reason. Those who violate this rule face a fine of up to 25,000 euros and a prison sentence of up to 3 years for animal cruelty or murder.

Despite these harsh laws, in the German press, especially before the holiday season, a large number of animals, a significant part of which are dogs, are left in parks and streets. The police often cannot find the owners of these animals.

“Animal Protection Union” and various associations work on stray animals abandoned on the streets of the country. Pet dog owners in Germany have to pay a dog tax of between 72 and 186 euros. If the dog is one of the “dangerous” dog breeds, this tax can go even higher.

Many states require dogs to be leashed in certain locations and on streets. By law, it is mandatory to wear a muzzle for those who are determined to be “dangerous pedigree and fighting dogs” when walking outdoors. Although there are differences between states, in general, local governments are responsible if stray animals pose a danger to public safety or order. In this case, the local government must take action and cover the cost of housing the animal.

If an off-leash dog injures someone, the damage can be compensated by the owner.

The rules regarding stray animals in the United States may differ from state to state, but the provisions of the “Animal Cruelty to Animals Act”, passed at the federal level in 1960, apply.

Under this law, cats and dogs are prohibited from wandering the streets, walking the streets without a leash, and entering the private property of others.

There are fines for walking dogs off leash that vary from state to state.

If an off-leash dog injures someone, a lawsuit can be filed based on the damages and the full damages can be compensated by the owner.

In many states, roaming or leaving pets on the street is considered illegal and owners can face hefty fines.

State animal protection units take these animals to shelters if they find strays on the streets they visit on notice or on patrol.

If their owners are found, the animals are given to these people, otherwise they are kept in shelters for adoption. Animals that have not been adopted for a long time are put to sleep.

According to data compiled by animal rights organizations in the United States, about 6.5 million cats and dogs are brought to shelters each year, and about 3 million of those animals are put down. AA

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