Salmonella detected in over 60 children in the UK (What is Salmonella, how is it transmitted?)

Britainto more than 60 children in Kinder Surprise in an outbreak associated with their eggs salmonella declared infected.

The UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) has announced that chocolate company Ferrero is recalling certain batches of eggs as a precaution as investigations into the outbreak continue.

The recall was said to be due to “a possible link to the salmonella outbreak”.

The affected products were reported to cover 2 batches with expiration dates between July 11, 2022 and October 7, 2022.

“We know these products are popular with young children, particularly in the run up to Easter, so we urge parents and guardians of children to check to see if products in their homes were affected by the recall,” said Tina. Potter, head of the FSA.

The Ferrero company, which produces Kinder Surprise, also asked in its press release that products with these expiry dates not be consumed and returned.

Although there was no loss of life in England, most of the 63 cases were said to be children between the ages of 5 and 6.

In addition to England, it was announced that cases of salmonella had been observed in Ireland, France, Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands, and that eggs had been produced in Belgium.

WHAT IS SALMONELLA?

Salmonella is a rod-shaped bacterium from the Enterobacteriaceae family. About 2000 subtypes cause disease in humans. Salmonella typhi (typhoid) and Salmonella paratyphi (paratyphoid) are species that only cause diseases called enteric fever (typhoid, paratyphoid) in humans and can develop into epidemics from time to time. Salmonella subtypes other than these are called nontyphoidal salmonellae.

HOW IS IT TRANSMITTED?

Drinking and using contaminated water (contaminated with bacteria) of unknown origin,

Human and animal wastes are not disposed of properly and their mixing with spring waters,

It can be transmitted due to insufficient chlorination of drinking water and running water.

Foods that carry Salmonella and are undercooked, such as meat, eggs, milk and dairy products,

Unpasteurized milk or juice, cheese,

It can also be transmitted through raw vegetables and contaminated (dirty) fruits, spices and snacks.

After contact with sick poultry,

Infection can occur if hygiene rules are not followed, especially after contact with reptiles such as snakes, turtles, lizards, frogs, birds and domestic animals such as chicks.

The bacteria can also be transmitted from sick people to other people.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF SALMONELLA?

The symptoms of the disease appear within 6 to 12 hours after taking the germ. Diarrhea is the most important symptom. Additionally, there may be headaches, abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, and high fever. The bacteria can cause symptoms ranging from mild food poisoning to life-threatening bacterial infections, namely sepsis.

The illness usually lasts 4-7 days and most people recover without treatment. In some people, the diarrhea may be severe enough to require hospitalization. The disease is more severe in the elderly, infants, and people with weakened immune systems.


salmonella bacteria

World Health OrganizationHere are the ten rules set by . to protect against all food-borne illnesses, including salmonella:

1-CHOOSE SAFE FOODS

While foods such as vegetables and fruits are best in their natural state, other foods are only safe when processed. For example; Buy pasteurized milk instead of unprocessed milk. If you have to choose, go for fresh or frozen chicken.

2- COOK YOUR FOOD COMPLETELY

Many foods are contaminated with pathogenic (disease-causing) factors. The most important of them are; meat and dairy products. Especially chicken meat, beef and unpasteurized milk are at risk of diseases. Pathogens are killed by perfect cooking. However, it should be remembered that all parts of the food must reach at least 70°C. Even when chicken is cooked, uncooked portions may remain on the bone. Frozen beef, fish and chicken should be refrigerated overnight before cooking, then completely thawed and cooked.

3- Consume cooked foods without wasting time

When cooked food comes to room temperature, the microorganisms begin to multiply. The longer the waiting time, the greater the risk. For safe consumption, cooked foods should be eaten without losing their heat.

4-KEEP COOKED FOOD CAREFULLY

To serve food safely, keep hot foods above 60°C and cold foods below 10°C. If you plan to store food for longer than 4 or 5 hours, cool the food you cook quickly and store it below 10°C. Prefer foods that have not been kept while expecting babies.

5-HEAT ALL COOKED FOODS

Do not reheat food more than once. When reheating food, remember that all parts must reach at least 70°C.

6-AVOID CONTACT BETWEEN COOKED AND RAW FOODS

Safely cooked foods can become contaminated (contaminated) when they come into contact with even lightly raw foods. This is called cross contamination. For example; Don’t use the knife and cutting board you use when preparing raw chicken to shred cooked chicken or make salads without washing them thoroughly.

7-WASH YOUR HANDS AGAIN AGAIN

Wash your hands thoroughly before beginning the food preparation process. Wash your hands thoroughly for at least 30 seconds, lathering with soap and water, especially if you need to change diapers or go to the bathroom.

After preparing raw foods such as fish, meat or chicken, you should wash your hands again before handling other foods. If you have oozing sores or infections on your hands, cover the area with a bandage before touching food. Also, remember that pets such as dogs, birds, and especially turtles can harbor dangerous pathogens that can pass from your hands into food.

8-KEEP KITCHEN SURFACES CLEAN

Because food is so easily contaminated, any surface used for food preparation should be kept very clean. Consider every food scrap, residue or stain as a potential source of germs. Clothing that comes into contact with dishes and utensils should be changed daily and boiled before reuse.

9-PROTECT ANIMAL FOOD

Animals carry pathogenic microorganisms that cause foodborne illnesses. Storing food in tightly sealed containers is your best protection. Keep your food away from insects, rodents and all animals.

10-USE PURE AND CLEAN WATER

Pure and clean water is of great importance for drinking and food preparation. If you are in doubt about the water supply, be sure to boil the water before adding it to food or drink. Be especially careful with waters used in the preparation of baby food.

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