Fasting is not just hunger and thirst. Fasting is not achieved by locking an animal or an unbeliever in a room and leaving it hungry and thirsty. Fasting is related to other acts of worship such as patience, gratitude and self-discipline. This is why in the hadith-i sharif, “Everything has a door. And the door of worship is fasting. (Ibn Mubarak)
The place of our nervous system in the body is very important. Those with paralyzed tongue nerves cannot speak. If the nerves in the leg are paralyzed, the person cannot walk. Our lives are more or less in danger as our nerves are broken. A nervous person becomes restless and cannot endure. Most fights and murders in society stem from anger and lack of patience. “Fasting is half patience, and patience is half faith” The hadith states that those who fast are patient. (Abu Nuaym)
Thus, we see that fasting also comes from faith. A believer commits no crime or sin according to the strength of his faith. He controls his nerves. Everything has a zakat. The zakat of the body is hunger. It is easy for those who are hungry while fasting to be patient because their desires are shattered. Fasting remains hungry. It is good to be hungry: the prudence of the hungry will open. Understanding increases. In the hadiths, it is said that “He who is hungry increases his understanding and his intelligence grows” and “Contemplation is half of worship, and eating less is everything”. (I. Ghazali)
He who eats too much sleeps too much, and he who sleeps too much, his life is wasted. He who eats a lot becomes drunk, his mind gets tired. His intelligence is paralyzed. Hunger breeds goodness in the heart.
In a hadith it is said: “He who eats little is filled with light, and Allah loves the believer who eats and drinks little and whose body is light.” (Deylemi)
In hunger, desires are shattered, our souls become docile and their restlessness disappears. Eating too much breeds carelessness. Just as it’s hard to restrain a horny horse, it’s also hard to restrain a nafs by overfeeding it. With hunger, it becomes easier to discipline yourself.
It is said in a hadith-i sharif:
“The human heart is like the harvest in the field, and the food is like the rain. Too much food kills the heart, just as too much water dries up the crop. [İ.Gazali]
He who is always satiated becomes wicked and ruthless. Tok doesn’t know when he’s hungry. Those who eat a lot become hard and insensitive. In the hadith, “Do not kill your heart by eating and drinking too much!” has been ordered. (Imam Ghazali)
He who controls his nerves will be at peace. Hunger breaks the desire to sin and prevents evil.
It is said in a hadith-i sharif, “Jihad with the nafs through hunger and thirst is like jihad in the way of Allah”. (Imam Ghazali)
He who eats a lot drinks a lot of water. He who drinks a lot of water sleeps a lot. Since the life of a person who sleeps a lot is spent with sleep, it prevents gaining this world and the hereafter. Thus, hunger keeps the nerves awake and in shape. Too much satiety leads to stupidity. It is difficult to memorize and remember what you read.
In a hadith it is said: “It is moderate to eat once a day. (Beyheki)
It has been reported that it is normal to eat three meals in two days. (Teshil-ul-manafi)
Most illnesses are caused by overeating.
In the hadith it is said that “Drinking and eating a lot is the beginning of diseases”. (Dare Kutni)
The body of a person who eats less is healthy.
In the hadith, it is said: “He who fasts will be in good health”. (Taberani)
If you eat too much, the feeling of pity decreases. Their desires increase and they fall into haram. The pathways that stimulate illegitimate desires must be blocked. Hunger bars the devil’s path.
In the hadith it says: “Satan circulates in the body like blood in the veins, shrink with hunger”. (the comeback)
Testing and fasting
“The head of the hungry does not work. Do not fast, they say. It would be a sin not to fast on the day of trial.
Excuses for not fasting are recorded in books. Unnecessary fasting is prohibited.
The phrase “A starving person’s head doesn’t work” is unscientific. This was said either out of ignorance or deliberately to prevent fasting. Outside Ramadan, you should not take the exams that are too comprehensive. If the stomach is too full, the head does not work very well. A hungry person has a sharp mind and strong understanding. The bounty of Allah is abundant for the fasting person. Sahl bin Abdullah et-Tusterî said: “Intelligent people have never seen anything more beneficial for religion and the world than hunger. Wisdom and knowledge are in hunger, sin and ignorance are in satiety.
His Excellency Sheikh Aliyyul-Havvâs said: “One should prepare for night worship with hunger. The spiritual benefit of a person whose stomach is full will be less. (Uhûdül-Kübra)
In the hadith it is said: “The chief of good deeds is hunger, and the chief of evil is satiety.” Being satiated makes forgetfulness and blinds the heart. (S.Ebediyye)
Tenacity, like alcoholic beverages, spoils the blood. Hunger cleanses the mind and enlightens the heart. Again, in the hadith it is said that “Hunger increases understanding, comprehension and opens intelligence”. (I. Ghazali)
Hunger keeps the nerves awake and in shape. Too much satiety leads to stupidity. It is difficult to memorize and remember what you read. It is folly not to fast for the test, which exercises the mind, opens the mind and increases understanding.
Abu Suleiman Darani states that:
Try to stay hungry, for hunger tames the soul and thins the heart. In fact, our Master the Prophet said, “Resurrect your hearts with less laughter and less food; starve clean. In this way, your hearts will be purified and refined.
Hazrat Lokman Hakim said to his son, “O son! When you fill the stomach, thought sleeps and wisdom becomes mute.
Bâyezid-i Bistâmî also said: “Hunger is a cloud. Whenever the servant is hungry, the heart rains down wisdom. Two hadiths:
“Hunger is the light of wisdom and satiety is far from God. Do not eat too much so that the light of wisdom in your heart does not go out! [Deylemî]
“The awliya of Allahu ta’ala among the people is the people of hunger and thirst.” [İbni Neccar]
Hadrat Abu Suleyman Dârânî said: “When worship is sweetest, it is when my stomach clings to my waist.” Hadrat Cüneyd-i Bağdâdî said: “If a person hangs a bag of food between his heart and his chest, he will not be able to taste the munajat. When a person is hungry and thirsty, his heart becomes pure and refined. When he is sated, he becomes blind and hardened”. For this reason, when the world and its treasures were presented to him, our Master the Prophet said, “No, I don’t. I want to be hungry one day and satisfied one day”. (Tirmidhi)
If the stomach and the genitals are not used in place, it will be the gate of Hell. The basis of this is tenacity. If it is to humiliate the soul and break lust, it is the door to paradise. The basis of this is hunger. Whoever closes the gate of hell has opened the gate of heaven, for these two are opposites, just like east and west. Approaching one, he moves away from the other.
When Yusuf (alaihis-salam) was asked why he was hungry when the treasures were in his hands, he said, “I am afraid of forgetting the hungry when I am full.” Our ancestors also said: “A full man does not know when he is hungry”.
One of the benefits of hunger is that it breaks down the lust of man and dominates the soul that commands evil, for the source of all sins is lust and strength. It happens with a lot of food.
Hadrat Zünnûn-i Mısrî said: “Whenever I am sated, I have either rebelled or attempted to rebel.”
Our mother Aisha also said, “The first bid’ah is to eat as much as possible.”
It is said that “hunger is a treasure of Allah”. Thanks to hunger, at least speech and lust are eliminated, since the superfluous thirst for speech of a hungry person is not activated. Thus, the language gets rid of such calamities as backbiting, bad and ugly talk, lying and gossip. The reason for all the sins of the seven limbs is the strength that comes from satiety. Hunger protects him from all these calamities.
Whoever is full drinks plenty of water. People who drink a lot of water sleep a lot. A person who oversleeps will lose his life, miss the tahajjud prayer, his nature will become stupid and his heart will become hardened.
Harun Reşit says to four doctors: “Tell us a drug that protects our health and has no side effects”. The Indian doctor says, “Black Incapacitated”. Iraqi doctor says ‘White Rashshad is a grain’. “Hot water,” said the Roman doctor. The village doctor said, “İhleç wrinkles the stomach, the white grain of Reşşad slides on the stomach, and the hot water relaxes the stomach. It is better not to sit at the table without being hungry, and to get up before being satisfied. Other doctors testify to this as well.
“Eat a lot, the beginning of diseases, eat less [yani perhiz etmek] is the drug boss. One third of the stomach should be reserved for food and one third for drinks. A non-Muslim doctor, who heard the hadith stating that a third of it is empty, that is, empty, said: “I have not heard anything better than this statement about food. Only a wise person can say these words.
The hadith-i-sherif “Fasting to regain health” shows that the body gets rid of diseases and regains health by fasting, being hungry and eating less.
He who eats too much sleeps too much, and he who sleeps too much, his life is wasted. He who eats a lot becomes drunk, his mind gets tired. Hunger breeds goodness in the heart. In a hadith it is said: “He who eats little is filled with light, and Allah loves the believer who eats and drinks little and whose body is light.” (Deylemi)
In hunger, desires are shattered, our souls become docile and their restlessness disappears. Eating too much breeds carelessness. Just as it’s hard to restrain a horny horse, it’s also hard to restrain a nafs by overfeeding it. Most illnesses are caused by overeating.
All this information shows that not fasting during the exam is wrong both in terms of religion and intelligence.
May Allah accept and accept their fasting, their prayers and their worship for the sake of the blessed month of Ramadan. (Amine)