After a little girl was seriously injured in a pit bull attack in Gaziantep, debates about adopting strays and aggressive animals have flared up again. What is the situation in European countries? In Germany and France, owning purebred animals requires special permission, while in the UK it is illegal to own such dogs.
Asiye Ateş, who was attacked by 2 Pitbull dogs in Şahinbey district of Gaziantep, was seriously injured. pit bull The question has returned to whether the protection and care of animals such as animals is legal or not.
In addition to Turkey, the care of these animals abroad has become a matter of curiosity. Protect people from dangerous and dangerous dogs dog There is a “Dangerous Dog Protection Act” that regulates ownership. Additionally, with the “Dog Movement and Import Restriction Act” introduced in Germany in 2001, certain dog breeds and crossbreeds were banned from entering Germany.
FINE OF UP TO 25 THOUSAND EUROS FOR FOLLOWING THE RULES
In Germany, the owner of the dangerous dog must have proof of parentage, vaccination certificate, character test certificate, other certificates from the responsible regulatory authority. It is checked whether people who want to have dangerous dog breeds have theoretical knowledge and practical skills in dog care.
Training a dog to increase aggression, feeding a dangerous dog without permission, having a dangerous dog in a manner that endangers people, animals or property, failing to indicate by a clearly legible warning sign that a dangerous dog is kept, walking a dangerous dog without a prescribed leash or prescribed muzzle, dog Administrative fines of up to 25,000 euros can be imposed on those who, as owners, do not comply with the specified rules, such as leaving a dangerous dog with an unsuitable person, taking a dangerous dog to a children’s playground, marked lawn or similar places such as a swimming pool.
MUST NOT BE CONVINCED
Persons wishing to own dangerous dogs must not have committed a crime and not been legally convicted under the Animal Welfare Act, Firearms Act, War Weapons Control Act , the explosives law or the federal hunting law. Persons addicted to alcohol or drugs, suffering from a mental illness or a mental or emotional handicap cannot own dangerous animals in Germany.
On the other hand, a person is not allowed to own several dangerous dogs at the same time. Dangerous dogs must be leashed and appropriately muzzled outside the properly fenced property, as well as on the stairs and driveways to the apartments.
EDUCATION IS MANDATORY TO OWN AN ATTACK DOG IN FRANCE
In addition to Germany, people who want to have an aggressive dog in France must undergo training and the dog must be regularly evaluated by a veterinarian. In France, since January 1, 2010, possession of an aggressive dog, in particular pit bulls, rottweilers and tosa dogs, requires a possession permit issued by the municipality. Those who want to have an aggressive dog must follow a one-day training course on canine behavior and the prevention of attacks or accidents and obtain a certificate.
CIVIL LIABILITY INSURANCE
The owner of the aggressive dog; the dog’s identity, rabies vaccination, sterilization certificate, as well as the carer’s civil liability insurance certificate to pay for the repair of damage caused by the animal, and must have it with him at all times. Lack of insurance is punishable by a fine of up to 450 euros. In public places, in common areas of the apartment and on public transport, it is mandatory to keep the dog on a leash and wear a muzzle.
6 MONTHS IN JAIL FOR UNAUTHORIZED OWNERS OF ATTACKING DOGS
On the other hand, some people are prohibited from owning an aggressive dog. Minors, adults in custody, convicted persons and persons who have previously been denied permission to own a dog are prohibited from owning aggressive dogs. Those who own an aggressive dog without the permission of these people are punished by 6 months in prison and a fine of 7,500 euros.
Those who are legally authorized to own an aggressive dog but who do not have a license to own a dog are sentenced to 3 months in prison and a fine of 3,750 euros.
PRISON FOR OWNERS OF DOG BANNED IN ENGLAND
In the United Kingdom, the government declares that the possession of certain dogs, such as Pitbull Terriers, is prohibited and punishes the owners of these dogs with up to 6 months in prison and unlimited fines. According to the UK government, anyone who sees an abandoned or stray dog on the street should report it to their local council. The lost, stray and abandoned dogs have been recovered and sent to a shelter somewhere in the UK where they are being kept for 7 days, the UK’s National Dog Defense Association Dog Trust said. The Dog Trust said that if no one adopts these dogs during this time, the dogs are permanently dormant.
STREET ANIMALS ARE TRANSPORTED TO SHELTERS UNDER LAW IN CZECHIA
According to clause (c) of Article 13b of the Law on the Protection of Animals from Cruelty, which is in force in Czechia, entitled “The municipality may carry out activities to regulate the population of stray and abandoned animals”, Capture stray animals and bring them to the nearest shelter to prevent them from attacking sick and hungry people. It is forbidden to transport Pit Bull-Terrier, American Staffordshire-Terrier, Staffordshire-Bullterrier and Bullterrier dogs in Germany and their movements are subject to special permits. In the Czech Republic, it is also forbidden for dogs to walk without a leash or to take public transport without a muzzle.
THOSE WHO WANT TO HAVE ANIMALS IN POLAND GET AN INTERVIEW
There are no cats or dogs roaming the streets of Poland. According to the report released by the Chief Veterinary Service in 2019, in the country where approximately 7.6 million dogs and 6.4 million cats are cared for at home, more than 105,000 dogs and more than 31,000 cats live in shelters. A person wishing to adopt an animal from a shelter should contact the shelter concerned and declare that they want to adopt a cat or a dog. The person who visits the animals in the shelter, accompanied by an agent, receives information on the animal or animals that he has determined, on their state of health and their character. It then goes through a series of interviews. If all the steps are positive, the person adopts the dog or cat after a legal procedure. The production, sale and feeding of dogs that are presented as dangerous species in Poland are subject to legal authorization.
PET IS RESPONSIBLE IN JAPAN
There are no concrete prohibitions on owning or raising pets in Japan. In the event that the pet injures a third party, the person feeding the animal is liable for compensation for damages.
Microchip for dogs in Austria
In Austria, to take care of a pet in a house, permission must first be obtained from the housing administration, and the way of caring for animals is also regulated by law. In Austria, dogs need a microchip. The microchip information must be registered in the country’s animal data bank. In addition, a minimum of 725,000 euros insurance is required for damage caused by dogs. All kinds of damage caused by the dog to people and the environment are covered by this insurance. Those who want to buy a dog in the capital Vienna must attend a course where general information about these animals is given.
A LICENSE IS REQUIRED FOR BREEDED DOGS
Those who own dogs of the breed in the country must obtain a “dog license” and these animals must be walked with a muzzle and muzzle. Alcohol consumption by owners of aggressive animals has also been restricted. It is also illegal throughout the country for owners of aggressive animals to drink more than 0.5 promil of alcohol.
Race to the municipal shelters: 5-star care for stray animals
Incredible accusations about shelters have been made on social media. Municipalities have also responded to these allegations with photos of shelters that do not look like animal hotels. Veterinarians treat collected animals. Cats and dogs begin to live safely in their large nests, some of which are in the forest.
Erdogan’s appeal to municipalities: We must overcome the housing problem together
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan made important statements on stray animals during the “Mayors’ Consultation and Evaluation Meeting” in Kızılcahamam. Calling on the mayors, Erdogan said: “We must not forget that the place of stray animals is not the street but the shelters. Please take precautions for stray animals, we can win many hearts by establishing warm shelters,” he said.
Source : UAVs