Protecting our ancestors and our animals for centuries in the past Kangal dogNot recognized by major universal kennel clubs and federations such as TKC and AKC. But in 2019, kangal dogs were registered as a special breed under the name “Kangal” by the FCI (International Federation of Dog Science).
When we say ‘dog’ in Turkey, we immediately think of ‘kangal dog’. Most “Sivas kangal dogWe have seen this breed known as ” and ” black head ” at least once. Those who have seen it well know that kangal dogs are not as bad as they are exaggerated, or rather as they are made says. On the contrary, he has a calm temperament, although he is strong and musty. Here is everything you need to know about kangal dogs…
History and origin of the Kangal dog
The Kangal dog has been used as a herding and guard dog for many years. Besides that, it was also used in lion hunting. Thanks to its characteristics and habits, it has become an indispensable dog for Anatolians.
It is believed that the Kangal dog was brought by the Turkic Kangli (Kangar) tribe who migrated from Central Asia. The name of Kangal district is believed to be derived from Kangal dog. According to Orhan Yılmaz’s book, Kangli brought three things with him when he emigrated; They are the dog, the sheep and the horse. According to the results of the 1st International Kangal Dog Symposium on July 11, 2003, Kangal dogs were brought to Anatolia from Turkistan during Turkish migrations. The kangal dog, as strong as a lion, mentioned in the records of the Ottoman Empire, was used by the Janissaries both in wars and in military affairs.
The Kangal dog is the only canine breed capable of resisting wolves. Regardless of heat or cold, it continues to perform its duty under the toughest conditions. Therefore, it is indispensable for shepherds.
Kangal Dog Physical Characteristics
The Kangal Dog, also known as the Anatolian Shepherd Dog, is in the class of “Giant Dogs” due to its pattern. Here are the physical characteristics of the Kangal dog, which resembles a lion by nature.
– Kangals have small ears compared to their heads and are attached to their heads. His triangular ears are drooping.
– Although their eyes are small compared to their skull, they have a keen gaze. Eye color can vary between golden and brown.
– His neck is slightly curved and strong.
– Their lips are droopy, their teeth are strong and their jaws are strong.
– The size of the females varies between 71 and 77 cm and that of the males between 77 and 87 cm.
– Males weigh 50-64 kg, females 41-59 kg.
– Their tails are straight and curved when stimulated, and drooping when released.
– Their feathers can be light yellow, gray or steel. Their faces are black.
– The hair structure is short and medium length, dense and hard.
– Their front legs are even stronger than their back legs.
Character traits of the Kangal dog
Besides his physical characteristics, what makes a dog strong and loyal is his characteristic build. This is the most important thing to consider before adopting a dog. For example, the Kangal dog is suitable for being a guard or herding dog, given its characteristics. Here are the character traits of the kangal dog.
– The Kangal dog only barks when threatened and provoked.
– He’s not an actor. He is quiet and heavy.
– He gets along well with children.
His sense of smell and his sense of observation are very developed.
– It has a delicate and sensitive structure.
– Like all sheepdogs, he likes his independence. Generally prefer to be alone.
– It can be trained easily with the reward system.
– It is an excellent sheepdog thanks to its function of protecting the herd.
– It is the only breed of dog that can deal with wolves.
– Although he looks scary, he is not very aggressive, he is not used to biting. However, this may change in non-pure hybrid breeds.
Kangal Dog Daily Care
Kangal dogs living outside in a kennel should be groomed daily for health reasons. It will be enough for the Kangal dog, which is less dirty and has no homework, to undergo grooming 3-4 times a week.
If the coat of the Kangal dog is long and hard, it must be groomed using wire brushes. When using the brush, make sure that the hair is first laid in the opposite direction, then towards the side where the hair is. After the process is complete, the loose hair should be picked up with your fingertips like a comb.
Kangal dogs with a lot of shedding and soft coats should be washed by hand. The dog’s body should be cleaned by dipping the hand in water and using it as a comb. Then it needs to be brushed with a special brush and combed with a special comb. But washing dogs frequently is harmful to health.
Veterinarian-recommended warm water and olive oil soaps should be used in the washing process.
Feeding the Kangal Dog
An adult Kangal dog should be fed at the same time every day. The two pound diet for the average dog is divided into three. This diet consists of 33% vegetables, 33% meat and the rest cereals. The diet should be prepared according to the weight of the dog and the work he does. For example, if the Kangal dog is overworked or weaker than normal, additional food should be given.
Puppies should be given milk until they are 6-7 months old, even after they have stopped nursing.
How do you know if a Kangal dog is purebred?
The Kangal dog is often confused with other herding dog breeds that resemble it. For this reason, there are some things that those who want to buy a pure kangal dog should know. Here are some elements that show that the Kangal dog is pure:
– The tail of Kangal dogs is straight and curved backwards.
– Pure coils do not have streak-like spots on their knees.
– The hair that covers their body must be impeccable.
– The 5 claws on its hind legs indicate that it is pure.
Health Problems in Kangal Dogs
The Kangal dog, which lives about 12 to 15 years, is not genetically predisposed to disease. However, as with any dog, it is possible to experience certain health problems. These possible health problems include:
– The Kangal dog can have a hip dislocation problem, like all large dogs.
– Rabies can occur if rabies vaccination is not given regularly.
– It is essential to use the drops produced for this purpose in order to protect it from external parasites such as fleas and ticks.
– She should drink milk for 6-7 months after birth. Otherwise, he may catch a disease of youth.
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